Research Outline on benefits of medication for children with ADHD

 

INTRODUCTION

Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder is one of the common disorders affecting children. The core elements of ADHD are the development of inappropriate poor attention span or age-related inappropriate hyperactivity or impulsivity, or both. The disorder can cause significant impairment in daily functioning of a child.

Treating and managing ADHD is thus a very important step that should be taken. Ideally, there are many management approaches that can be taken. However, the use of medication is considered the most suitable management approach for ADHD among the children. The outline will explore why this approach is considered the best.

SUPPORTING POINTS

  1. Medication reduce hyperactivity and impulsive behavior
  1. Methylphenidate can lessen motor activity and hence address hyperactivity (Millichap, 2010).
  2. Methylphenidate can increase focus and attention and grades of affected children
  • It has also been found that in small moderate doses, methylphenidate benefits learning without hindering creative or flexible thinking (Millichap, 2010).
  1. Medication improve the motor functioning of the child
  1. A controlled study on Ritalin reveals that it enhances visual perception of a child
  2. One of the earliest controlled studies of the effectiveness of Ritalin shows that it can improve eye-hand coordination and hence improves drawing and handwriting (Millichap, 2010).
  • Methylphenidate can lessen motor activity hence allowing children to coordinate his or her hand with the brain
  1. Medication improve cognitive performance of the children
  1. A study on the use of methylphenidate and other central nervous stimulants involving about 5000 children reveals that 70-80% of children experienced improved learning abilities (Millichap, 2010).
  2. Controlled trials on the effectiveness of Ritalin reveals that the participants showed improvement in intelligence and cognitive functioning.
  • Controlled doses of methylphenidate can improve learning without hindering creative or flexible thinking (Millichap, 2010).

COUNTER-ARGUMENTS

COUNTER ARGUMENT 1

Despite the fact that medication has many benefits as far as management of ADHD among children is concerned, some parents are concerned that a medication given to help focusing ability and control impulsivity may at the same time reduce creativity and flexibility of a child’s thinking

RESPONSE TO COUNTER-ARGUMENT 1

Researchers evaluating effects of medication on creativity found that methylphenidate has no adverse effects on creativity in 19 boys with ADHD

COUNTER-ARGUMENT 2

Some parents are worried that psychostimulants have some contraindication when used to treat ADHD (Brown, 2009).

RESPONSE TO COUNTER-ARGUMENT 2

A more recent literature has challenge the absolute contraindication of stimulants among the children because most children do not have cormobid conditions and that drugs such as clonidine do not have any contraindication (Brown, 2009).

CONCLUSION

Based on the foregoing analysis, it is apparent that there are many benefits of taking medication for children with ADHD. The analysis reveals three key benefits, which are fully supported by evidence-based findings. Although the paper also identified some counter-arguments, it is apparent that most of them are baseless.

 

 

References

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Hendren, R. L. (1999). Disruptive behavior disorders in children and adolescents. Washington, D.C. ;London: American Psychiatric Press.

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Brown, T. E. (2009). ADHD comorbidities: Handbook for ADHD complications in children and adults. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Pub.

Millichap, J. G. (2010). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder handbook: A physician’s guide to ADHD. New York: Springer

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